Chemicals Policy & Science Initiative LCSP
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US Government Accountability Office (GAO)

The GAO is a federal agency which studies the government programs paid for with tax-payer dollars. GAO reports its findings to Congress to improve government operations and to save tax money.

Observations on Improving the Toxic Substances Control Act

December 2009

Testimony, based on prior GAO work, addresses EPA's implementation of TSCA and IRIS and options for 1) obtaining more information on chemical risks, 2) controlling these risks, and 3) sharing more of the information collected under TSCA.

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EPA Needs to Coordinate Its Research Strategy and Clarify Its Authority to Obtain Biomonitoring
Data

April 2009
GAO was asked to review the (1) extent to which EPA incorporates information from biomonitoring studies into its
assessments of chemicals, (2) steps that EPA has taken to improve the usefulness of biomonitoring data, and (3) extent to which EPA has the authority under TSCA to require chemical companies to develop and submit biomonitoring data to EPA.
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Options for Enhancing the Effectiveness of the Toxic Substances Control Act (GAO-09-48T)

February 2009
This testimony, which is based on prior GAO work, addresses EPA’s implementation of TSCA and options for (1) obtaining information on the risks posed by chemicals to human health and the environment, (2) controlling these
risks, and (3) publicly disclosing information provided by chemical companies under TSCA.
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High Risk Series: An Update

January 2009
In this 2009 update for the 111th Congress, GAO presents the status of high-risk areas listed in 2007 and identifies new high-risk areas warranting attention by Congress and the executive branch.
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Comparison of U.S. and Recently Enacted European Union Approaches to Protect against the Risks of Toxic Chemicals (GAO-07-825)

August 2007
Compares TSCA and REACH in their approaches to identifying chemicals harmful to public health and the environment, controlling chemical risks, and disclosing chemical data to the public while protecting confidential business information.
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Chemical Regulation: Actions Are Needed to Improve the Effectiveness of EPA's Chemical Review Program (GAO-06-103T)

August 2006

This testimony is based on GAO’s June 2005 report, Chemical Regulation: Options Exist to Improve EPA’s Ability to Assess Health Risks and Manage Its Chemical Review Program (GAO-05-458). GAO’s report describes EPA’s efforts to (1) assess chemicals used in commerce, (2) control the use of chemicals not yet in commerce, and (3) publicly disclose information provided by chemical companies under TSCA. GAO recommended that the Congress consider providing EPA additional authorities under TSCA to improve EPA’s ability to assess chemical risks, and that the EPA Administrator take several actions to improve EPA’s management of its chemical review program. EPA did not disagree with our findings and is currently implementing some of our recommendations.
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Focusing on Foresight, A Speech Before the World Future Society Conference (GAO-06-1041CG)

July 2006

Presentation by The Honorable David M. Walker, Comptroller General of the United States before the World Future Society Conference in Toronto, Canada.

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Chemical Regulation: Options Exist to Improve EPA's Ability to Assess Health Risks and Manage its Chemical Review Program (GAO-05-458)

June 2005
GAO reviewed EPA’s efforts to (1) control the risks of new chemicals not yet in commerce, (2) assess the risks of existing chemicals used in commerce, and (3) publicly disclose information provided by chemical companies under TSCA.
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Chemical Regulation: Approaches in the United States, Canada, and the European Union (GAO-06-217R)

November 2005
Letter from John B. Stephenson, Director, Natural Resources and Environment to Senators James Jeffords, Frank Lautenberg, and Patrick Leahy.

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Toxic Substances Control Act: Legislative Changes Could Make the Act More Effective (GAO-94-103)

September 1994
Report discusses the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) efforts under the Toxic Substances Control Act to assess the risks of chemicals, control those found to be harmful, and make information on chemical risks publicly available. The report also contains options for revising the act to improve EPA'S efforts in each of these areas.
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